Vicopisano, on the other hand, showed no signs of change, remaining tied to traditional agricultural activities. More generally, the frist half of the century witnessed the decline of river transport, which was threatened by the better road network created in those years and, above all, by the Leopolda Railway, which crossed our territory from 1847.
It was precisely in this period that he land reclamation work finally came to and end, with the draining of the Bientina swamp through the construction of the Botte (designed by Alessandro Manetti and completed in 1859), that is the subway through a tunnel between the Emissario Canal and the Arno.
As already mentioned in 1923, with the definitive abolition of the Pretura Circondariale, the last important role played by the town of Vicopisano came to an end. The Second World War fortunately spared the historical centre of Vicopisano, whose towers, unlike others in the area (e.g. the medieval bell tower of the Church of S. Jacopo in Lupeta, tho floors of which were destroyed by mines), were not touched by the retreating Germans. Even the bomings in the summer of 44 fortunately didn't hit any historical buildings, while in the locality of Riparotti American bombs killed several people. Unfortunately, there were also some reprisal killings of civilians in the area, which took place in the last agitated phases of the war.