Vicopisano's area preserves precious examples of the Romanesque style, more precisely of the Pisan Roman, thanks to the numerous churches that are present among the inhabited villages and following Monte Pisano's structure: the Parish of Santa Maria , the most important church and the one that has been mentioned for the first time in documents in 934, San Jacopo in Lupeta's church (8th century), Sant’Andrea in Nocciola (8th century), San Martino al Bagno in Uliveto Terme (8the century) and the wonderful Santa Giulia's church in Caprona, first mentioned in 1096 but that has been built earlier.
Pisan Romanesque is the Romanesque architectural style that developed in Pisa from the end of the 10th century and which was exported to a large area of influence at the time when the city was a powerful Maritime Republic, from the second half of the 11th to the early from the 13th century.
Since the centuries prior to the year 1000, the southern coast of Monte Pisano, located behind Vicopisano, was in fact the area chosen for the construction of numerous religious buildings, mainly run by monks, often located along elevated communication routes and protected by vegetation. They testify to the will of the Church to spread religiosity in a widespread manner in the rural area and at the same time to effectively control the territory. Among these buildings we remember San Michele alla Verruca (IX-XI) e l’Eremo di San Salvatore (XII secolo), situati fuori dal paese di Vicopisano e raggiungibili partendo dalla pieve di Santa Maria, uscendo in direzione di Buti, e imboccando a sinistra la strada panoramica che conduce fino alla fortezza della Verruca.