La sentinella della pianura pisana
At the eastern end of Monte Pisano stands the summit of La Verruca , crowned by the majestic ruins of theancient fortress, guardian of the mountain passes and the Pisan plain. Positioned in such a way as to dominate the entire surrounding plain, the hills and the sea, it still offers us an overall view of rare beauty.
A fundamental strategic point of the Pisan Republic, it has always played a role of primary importance, contested by the Pisans and the Florentines. They knew the fundamental lookout function of this fortress. From the Verruca, in fact, a visual triangulation is possible between Pisa and the castle of Vicopisano, which is connected with the castle of Buti and the entire Pisan Lungomonte, otherwise covered from the view of Pisa.
The Verruca is located on a cliff of Verrucano boulders, placed almost vertically to the ground, forming the natural base of the fortress. It stands out from all the other mountains near Pisa and it has always been the subject of legends, certainly generated by the conditioning that this place arouses in the observer.
Today, the summit of La Verruca is a popular destination for hikers, walkers and mountain bikers. There are many routes that wind their way both from the Vicopisano side and from the Calci side that, more or less gently, wind through olive, chestnut and holm-oak woods, pines and Mediterranean scrub to the fortress at the top. From up there you can enjoy a breathtaking view: on a clear day you can admire the sunset at sea, from the Livorno coast to the Apuan Alps with suggestive reflections on Lake Massaciuccoli.
Today, ruins of the fortress of La Verruca are still preserved, allowing a reading of the various reconstructive interventions.